(1151) Direction selectivity of neurons in the striate cortex increases as stimulus contrast is decreased. Peterson MR, Li B and Freeman RD. 2006. Journal of Neurophysiology, volume 95, pages 2705-2712. With reference to italics, iceberg effect, push-pull, inseparable, sometimes, and separable, sometimes. With reference to metaphor, the researchers refer repeatedly to the "iceberg effect" in italics, but although they describe the "iceberg effect" in italics as "well known", this description is not referenced. No attempt is made the explain the use of the term "iceberg" and no attempt is made to relate the "iceberg effect" to contrast adaptation, which was included in the experimental design. On the face of it, anaesthetic effects notwithstanding, the increases in direction selectivity of neurons when stimulus contrast decreased could have been due to contrast adaptation. With reference to the late introduction of new material, see the iceberg effect.
(1152) Two distinct mechanisms of suppression in human vision. Petrov Y, Carandini M and McKee S. 2005. Journal of Neuroscience, volume 25, pages 8704-8707.
(1153) The suppressive field of neurons in lateral geniculate nucleus. Bonin V, Mante V and Carandini M. 2005. Journal of Neuroscience, volume 25, pages 10844-10856.
(1154) RNA-binding proteins: a lesson in repression. Wells DG. 2006. Journal of Neuroscience, volume 26, pages 7135-7138.
(1155) On measuring the perceived onsets of spontaneous actions. Lau C, Rogers RD and Passingham RE. 2006. Journal of Neuroscience, volume 26, pages 7265-7271.
(1156) Rapid inactivation of a moth pheromone. Ishida Y and Leal WS. 2005. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, volume 102, pages 14075-14079. With reference to a plural noun and a singular verb, "suggests" after (12). With reference to italics, "terra incognita". The entire article is "terra incognita" because of the failure of the researchers and of the journal editors to explain why the flight of the male moth guided by a pheromone is facilitated by degradation of that pheromone. The abstract of (8) is unhelpful in this respect.
(1157) Readiness potentials preceding spontaneous motor acts: voluntary vs. involuntary control. Keller I and Heckhausen H. 1990. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, volume 76, pages 351-361.
(1158) Representation of future and previous spatial goals by separate neural populations in prefrontal cortex. Genovesio A, Brasted PJ and Wise SP. 2006. Journal of Neuroscience, volume 26, pages 7305-7316. It is questionable to refer to a visual cue as symbolic in an experiment with monkeys. The word "future" is further evidence of the application of adult human attributes to animals: the word "next" would have sufficed. The result that next and previous spatial goals were represented by separate neural populations in the prefrontal cortex was unremarkable.
(1159) The ventral pallidum and hedonic reward: neurochemical maps of sucrose "liking" and food intake. Smith KS and Berridge KC. 2005. Journal of Neuroscience, volume 25, pages 8637-8649. With reference to a plural subject with a singular verb, "is" after "...VP generation of increased food reward and increased eating behavior...".
(1160) The rises and falls of disconnection syndromes. Catani M and Ffytche DH. 2005. Brain, volume 128, pages 2224-2239.